Siena, the Palio city
Siena, located in the heart of Tuscany and surrounded by hills, is one of the most beautiful medieval towns of Italy.
Heart of the city is the famous shell-shaped Piazza del Campo, where the famous Palio is held, one of the most important events for all. The Palio di Siena is a passionate horse race that takes place every year in July and August and its origins actually seem to date back to the seventeenth century.
According to legend Siena was founded by Senio, the son of Remus, and in the city there are several statues of the legendary Romulus and Remus suckled by the Wolf. Piazza del Campo is the core of Siena since the time of the Romans, who had their own hole.
The square was repaved during the rule of Nine, a semi-democratic group in power between 1287 and 1355, breaking it into nine sections in memory of Government and symbolizes the cloak of our lady who protects the city.
The field is dominated by Red Palazzo Pubblico and its Tower, called Torre del Mangia. The main building, as well as the Duomo di Siena, was built during the rule of nine, which was the economic and cultural heyday of Siena. The building still houses the offices of the municipality, like Palazzo Vecchio in Florence. From the courtyard to the Palace leads to the Museo Civico and Torre del Mangia, on top of which, climbed the 500 steps, you can enjoy a splendid view of the city.
In the Museum are some of the most beautiful paintings of the Sienese school. The concistory Hall offers one of the most beautiful works of Domenico Beccafumi, who frescoed the ceilings depicting the cycle of public virtues. In the Sala del Mappamondo and the Sala della Pace (or Sala dei Nove) then there are some real masterpieces: the great Majesty and the equestrian portrait of Guidoriccio da Fogliano at the siege of Montemassi by Simone Martini and the allegories of Good and bad government by Ambrogio Lorenzetti, considered one of the greatest medieval painting cycles.