The Historical Center of Florence
The Historical Centre of Florence, a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1982 concluded within the circle of the avenues traced on the old medieval walls, collects the most important cultural assets of Florence. Bounded by the walls of the 14th century, built thanks to the commercial and economic power over the next two centuries, reached its peak. The spiritual center of the city is the piazza del Duomo with the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore with Giotto’s Bell Tower and fronted by the baptistery with the doors of Paradise by Lorenzo Ghiberti. From here northward the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi by Michelozzo, the Basilica di San Lorenzo di Brunelleschi, with inside the precious sacristies of Donatello and Michelangelo. More over the San Marco Museum, with masterpieces by Fra Angelico, the Galleria dell’Accademia which houses, among other works, even Michelangelo’s David (1501-1504) and the piazza della Santissima Annunziata with Brunelleschi’s Loggia degli Innocenti. Southwards from the Cathedral there is the political and cultural centre of Florence with Palazzo Vecchio and the Uffizi Gallery, next to which there are the Bargello Museum and the Basilica of Santa Croce. Crossing Ponte Vecchio will get you to the District of Oltrarno with the Pitti Palace and the Boboli Gardens. Still in Oltrarno, we cannot forget the Basilicas of Santo Spirito di Filippo Brunelleschi and del Carmine, with frescoes by Masolino, Masaccio and Filippino Lippi. In the area to the West of the Cathedral are the impressive Palazzo Strozzi (head of major exhibitions and prestigious cultural institutions) and the basilica of Santa Maria Novella, with the façade designed by Leon Battista Alberti.
The old town can be appreciated in its entirety from the hills around him, especially from Forte Belvedere, from Piazzale Michelangelo with the Romanesque Basilica.